Top 17 pneumocephalus treatment in 2022

Below are the best information and knowledge on the subject pneumocephalus treatment compiled and compiled by our own team alltopus:

1. Review of the management of pneumocephalus

Author: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Date Submitted: 10/12/2020 05:00 AM

Average star voting: 3 ⭐ ( 55580 reviews)

Summary:

Match with the search results: placing the patient in the Fowler position of 30°, avoiding Valsalva maneuver (coughing and sneezing), administering pain and antipyretic medications to prevent hyperthermia, and osmotic diuretics…. read more

Review of the management of pneumocephalus

2. Pneumocephalus

Author: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Date Submitted: 01/31/2020 12:16 AM

Average star voting: 3 ⭐ ( 22883 reviews)

Summary: Pneumocephalus (also known as pneumatocele or intracranial aerocele) is defined as the presence of air in the epidural, subdural, or subarachnoid space, within the brain parenchyma or ventricular cavities.[1] Lecat first described this condition in 1741, but the term “pneumocephalus” was coined independently by Luckett in 1913 and Wolff in 1914.[2][3][4] The term “tension pneumocephalus” (TP) was proposed in 1962 by Ectors, Kessler, and Stern.[5]

Match with the search results: Treatment of simple pneumocephalus: Usually conservative. It involves the following steps: Bed rest….. read more

Pneumocephalus

3. :: Journal of Neurocritical Care

Author: www.e-jnc.org

Date Submitted: 03/11/2019 01:51 AM

Average star voting: 3 ⭐ ( 69084 reviews)

Summary:

Match with the search results: Supplemental oxygen is a commonly accepted treatment for pneumocephalus with clinical symptoms [1-4]. Oxygen augmentation reduces pulmonary ……. read more

:: Journal of Neurocritical Care

4. Pneumocephalus – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Author: www.sciencedirect.com

Date Submitted: 04/06/2021 02:26 AM

Average star voting: 4 ⭐ ( 10111 reviews)

Summary:

Match with the search results: Appropriate antibiotics may be started for control of infection. During the postoperative period, pneumocephalus may be treated by pure oxygen through a face ……. read more

Pneumocephalus - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

5. Pneumocephalus: a rare and life-threatening, but reversible, complication after penetrating lumbar injury | SpringerLink

Author: link.springer.com

Date Submitted: 03/20/2021 09:42 AM

Average star voting: 3 ⭐ ( 77290 reviews)

Summary: Pneumocephalus, the presence of intracranial air, is a complication especially seen after neurotrauma or brain surgery. When it leads to a pressure gradien

Match with the search results: …. read more

Pneumocephalus: a rare and life-threatening, but reversible, complication after penetrating lumbar injury | SpringerLink

6. Normobaric oxygen therapy strategies in the treatment of postcraniotomy pneumocephalus

Author: thejns.org

Date Submitted: 05/07/2019 10:17 AM

Average star voting: 3 ⭐ ( 49026 reviews)

Summary:

Match with the search results: Another treatment option is hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO2) therapy [1]. Therapy with HBO2 promotes a reduction of the volume of intracranial air ……. read more

Normobaric oxygen therapy strategies in the treatment of postcraniotomy pneumocephalus

7. Theoretical Assessment of Normobaric Oxygen Therapy to Treat Pneumocephalus | Anesthesiology | American Society of Anesthesiologists

Author: thejns.org

Date Submitted: 01/20/2021 05:27 PM

Average star voting: 4 ⭐ ( 11354 reviews)

Summary:

Match with the search results: Thirteen patients with postoperative pneumocephalus that was estimated to be ≥ 30 ml were alternately assigned to breathe 100% O2 using a nonrebreather mask ( ……. read more

Theoretical Assessment of Normobaric Oxygen Therapy to Treat Pneumocephalus | Anesthesiology | American Society of Anesthesiologists

8. Normobaric Hyperoxia for Treatment of Pneumocephalus after Posterior Fossa Surgery in the Semisitting Position: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial

Author: pubs.asahq.org

Date Submitted: 01/26/2021 01:50 AM

Average star voting: 3 ⭐ ( 57695 reviews)

Summary: Background Supratentorial pneumocephalus after posterior fossa surgery in the semisitting position may lead to decreased alertness and other symptoms. We here aimed to prove the efficacy of normobaric hyperoxia on the absorption of postoperative pneumocephalus according to a standardized treatment protocol. Methods and Findings We enrolled 44 patients with postoperative supratentorial pneumocephalus (> 30 ml) after posterior fossa surgery in a semisitting position. After randomisation procedure, patients received either normobaric hyperoxia at FiO2 100% over an endotracheal tube for 3 hours (treatment arm) or room air (control arm). Routine cranial CT scans were performed immediately (CT1) and 24 hours (CT2) after completion of surgery and were rated without knowledge of the therapy arm. Two co-primary endpoints were assessed: (i) mean change of pneumocephalus volume, and (ii) air resorption rate in 24 hours. Secondary endpoints were subjective alertness (Stanford Sleepiness Scale) postoperatively and attention (Stroop test), which were evaluated preoperatively and 24 hours after surgery. The mean change in pneumocephalus volume was higher in patients in the treatment arm as compared to patients in the control arm (p = 0.001). The air resorption rate was higher in patients in the treatment arm as compared to patients in the control arm (p = 0.0015). Differences were more pronounced in patients aged 52 years and older. No difference between patients in treatment arm and control arm was observed for the Stroop test. The distribution of scores in the Stanford Sleepiness Scale differed in the treatment arm as compared to the control arm, and there was a difference in mean values (p = 0.015). Conclusions Administration of normobaric hyperoxia at FiO2 100% via an endotracheal tube for 3 hours is safe and efficacious in the treatment of pneumocephalus after posterior fossa surgery in the semisitting position. Largest benefit was found in elderly patients and particularly in older men. Trial Registration German Clinical Trials Register DRKS00006273

Match with the search results: The successful treatment of a patient with tension pneumocephalus by controlled decompression via external drainage is described. The advantage of the ……. read more

Normobaric Hyperoxia for Treatment of Pneumocephalus after Posterior Fossa Surgery in the Semisitting Position: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial

9. Post-traumatic epidural tension pneumocephalus: a case report – Journal of Medical Case Reports

Author: journals.plos.org

Date Submitted: 11/05/2019 02:36 PM

Average star voting: 5 ⭐ ( 11469 reviews)

Summary: Pneumocephalus is usually a self-limiting condition commonly associated with neurosurgical interventions, head and facial trauma. In contrast, tension pneumocephalus is extremely rare, and considered a neurosurgical emergency. We present a rare case of post-traumatic epidural tension pneumocephalus in a 30-year-old white man who deteriorated rapidly after a blunt head trauma. Imaging revealed a large, right temporoparietal epidural pneumocephalus with mass effect, most likely arising from a small defect in the mastoid sinus. A pre-existing mucocele was also suspected. Emergency burr hole evacuation was performed and he experienced full recovery, but more invasive treatment was eventually needed to resolve the condition. Epidural tension pneumocephalus is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition, but treatable with the right management. To the best of our knowledge, a post-traumatic tension pneumocephalus caused by a pre-existing mucocele has not been reported in the literature.

Match with the search results: Standefer et al. reported that they successfully treated symptomatic pneumocephalus after posterior-fossa procedures using conservative therapy with 100% Oxygen ……. read more

Post-traumatic epidural tension pneumocephalus: a case report - Journal of Medical Case Reports

10. Traumatic Pneumocephalus Without Skull Fracture From a High-Voltage Electrical Injury

Author: jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com

Date Submitted: 12/03/2021 11:15 PM

Average star voting: 5 ⭐ ( 90707 reviews)

Summary: Pneumocephalus, the presence of intracranial air, most commonly occurs secondary to a traumatic injury. Patients with simple pneumocephalus often present with nonspecific symptoms or with headaches. These patients may have little to no clinically relevant physical examination findings and can be managed conservatively. Tension pneumocephalus can present more acutely as a neurosurgical emergency. On physical examination, patients can present with neurologic deficits or papilledema. Computed tomography is the imaging modality of choice to detect intracranial air. We present a novel case of a simple pneumocephalus in the setting of a high-voltage electrical injury without evidence of displaced skull fracture or dural violation. The identification of unanticipated air within the cranial vault should prompt emergency physicians to determine its etiology which can guide treatment and disposition.

Match with the search results: Thus far, there are only few uncontrolled studies on measures to reduce pneumocephalus. Normobaric oxygen has been suggested to be effective to ……. read more

Traumatic Pneumocephalus Without Skull Fracture From a High-Voltage Electrical Injury

11. Pneumocephalus after the Treatment of an Inoperable Superior Sulcus Tumor with Chemoradiation

Author: www.cureus.com

Date Submitted: 04/17/2019 07:49 AM

Average star voting: 4 ⭐ ( 39863 reviews)

Summary: Background. Pneumocephalus is a rare phenomenon that can occur as a complication after operations involving the thoracic discs, following thoracotomy for tumor resection, and after an intracranial operation or cranial trauma. This complication frequently occurs when a tumor is located in the costovertebral angle and an operative intervention creates a tear in the dura resulting in a pleural-dural fistula. Case Presentation. We describe the case of a 58-year-old man with an inoperable superior sulcus tumor who developed pneumocephalus after the initiation of chemoradiation secondary to a pleural-dural fistula. Conclusions. Although a rare occurrence, pneumocephalus should be considered when patients with tumors in the superior sulcus treated with radiation develop neurologic symptoms characteristic of increased intracranial pressure.

Match with the search results: placing the patient in the Fowler position of 30°, avoiding Valsalva maneuver (coughing and sneezing), administering pain and antipyretic medications to prevent hyperthermia, and osmotic diuretics…. read more

Pneumocephalus after the Treatment of an Inoperable Superior Sulcus Tumor with Chemoradiation

12. Ventilation With High Oxygen Content and Postoperative Pneumocephalus – Full Text View – ClinicalTrials.gov

Author: www.hindawi.com

Date Submitted: 10/02/2021 08:40 PM

Average star voting: 5 ⭐ ( 27977 reviews)

Summary:

Match with the search results: Treatment of simple pneumocephalus: Usually conservative. It involves the following steps: Bed rest….. read more

Ventilation With High Oxygen Content and Postoperative Pneumocephalus - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

13. Pneumocephalus | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org

Author: clinicaltrials.gov

Date Submitted: 07/09/2021 03:14 PM

Average star voting: 5 ⭐ ( 25611 reviews)

Summary: Pneumocephalus (plural: pneumocephali), also known as pneumocranium, pneumocrania, pneumatocephalus and intracranial pneumatocele, refers to the presence of intracranial gas, and in the vast majority of cases the gas is air. The term encompasses …

Match with the search results: Supplemental oxygen is a commonly accepted treatment for pneumocephalus with clinical symptoms [1-4]. Oxygen augmentation reduces pulmonary ……. read more

Pneumocephalus | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org

14. A Patient with Massive Pneumocephalus without Sign of Tension Pneumocephalus

Author: www.dovepress.com

Date Submitted: 04/20/2020 02:36 AM

Average star voting: 5 ⭐ ( 73811 reviews)

Summary: A Patient with Massive Pneumocephalus without Sign of Tension Pneumocephalus, Seyed Farshad Heidari

Match with the search results: Appropriate antibiotics may be started for control of infection. During the postoperative period, pneumocephalus may be treated by pure oxygen through a face ……. read more

A Patient with Massive Pneumocephalus without Sign of Tension Pneumocephalus

15. (PDF) Review of the management of pneumocephalus

Author: juniperpublishers.com

Date Submitted: 03/29/2020 01:39 PM

Average star voting: 4 ⭐ ( 13639 reviews)

Summary: PDF | Background: Pneumocephalus (PNC) is the presence of air in the intracranial cavity. The most frequent cause is trauma, but there are many other… | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate

Match with the search results: …. read more

(PDF) Review of the management of pneumocephalus

16. Pneumocephalus as a complication of metastases and eroding infection in the sacral region

Author: radiopaedia.org

Date Submitted: 09/01/2021 05:04 AM

Average star voting: 4 ⭐ ( 73777 reviews)

Summary:

Match with the search results: Another treatment option is hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO2) therapy [1]. Therapy with HBO2 promotes a reduction of the volume of intracranial air ……. read more

Pneumocephalus as a complication of metastases and eroding infection in the sacral region

17. pneumocephalus_treatment [Operative Neurosurgery]

Author: www.primescholars.com

Date Submitted: 01/16/2021 05:32 PM

Average star voting: 4 ⭐ ( 43162 reviews)

Summary: Pneumocephalus treatment A high degree of suspicion is needed to make the diagnosis, prompt treatment, as well as remedying the source of air to prevent unwanted morbidity and mortality . Tension pneumocephalus usually requires emergent management. ———- When pneumocephalus is due to gas-producing organisms, treatment of the primary

Match with the search results: Thirteen patients with postoperative pneumocephalus that was estimated to be ≥ 30 ml were alternately assigned to breathe 100% O2 using a nonrebreather mask ( ……. read more

pneumocephalus_treatment [Operative Neurosurgery]

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